Intermediate Digital Photography Workshop: Aperture, Shutter Speed, and Importing Photos in Windows 8

If you’re taking my intermediate digital photography workshop tonight at the St. Pete Beach Community Center, here’s our class notes.

I always smirk at the difference between importing photos into a Mac and importing into a Windows-based machine. Read to the end to see what I mean.

Note: The formatting of the outline gets a little hinky here, but it should be fairly easy to follow.

Intermediate Digital Photography

  • With all of the settings, remember that you are ultimately controlling the amount of light hitting your image sensor. Adjust your ISO accordingly.
  • Aperture Priority
    1. A on Nikon
    2. AV on Canon (aperture value)
    3. Values expressed as fractions
    4. Lower number is higher fraction, which means the aperture opening is larger, but you have less depth of field (how much focus)
    5. Higher number is lower fractions, thus you have a smaller aperture opening and a higher depth of field
    6. Higher number: More light gets in, smaller focus
    7. Lower number: Less light gets in, greater focus
    8. In P mode you cannot set this. In manual, you must also set your shutter speed. In AV or A mode, you set the aperture but the camera’s brain will adjust the shutter speed.
  • Shutter Priority
    1. S on Nikon
    2. TV on Canon (time value)
    3. Values expressed as fractions
    4. Lower number is higher fraction, which means the shutter speed is open longer, which means the camera will capture more light (and more movement)
    5. Higher number is lower fraction, thus you have a shorter shutter speed. This means less light – and less movement – will get captured
    6. Higher number: Faster shutter, less light
    7. Lower number: Slower shutter, more light
    8. In P mode you cannot set this. In manual, you must also set your aperture. In TV or S mode, you set the shutter speed but the camera’s brain will adjust the aperture.
  • If your camera does not allow for either of these two modes
    1. Shutter priority
      1. Sports mode for fast shutter speeds
      2. Night mode for slower shutter speeds
        1. This may require stabilization, such as a tripod or wall
        2. This may force the flash, which is not ideal
    2. Aperture priority
      1. Portrait mode
        1. For shallow depth of field (one thing in focus and the background blurred)
        2. Try to position subject and background with distance between them. Clearly, this is not always possible
      2. Landscape mode: For greater depth of field (most or all of the photo in focus)
  • Your assignment
    1. Movement
      1. One shot with something in crisp focus
      2. The same shot but with a gentle blur on part of the motion
      3. Ideas
        1. Water
        2. Bird in flight
        3. Sports
    2. Depth of Field
      1. Everything in focus
      2. Same shot with one part in focus and the rest blurred
      3. Ideas
        1. Toys
        2. Flowers
        3. Piles of anything
  • Syncing to your computer: Mac OSX
    1. Connect your camera or insert your card (camera must be on)
    2. Click “Import all”
    3. Delete photos off card
  • Syncing to your computer: Windows 7
    1. Connect your camera or insert your card (camera must be on)
    2. In the box that appears, click “Import pictures and videos using Windows.”
      1. (Optional) To tag pictures, type a tag name in the “Tag these pictures (optional)” box.
      2. Folder name will include the date of import and tag name, if you add one.
    3. Click “Import”
  • Syncing to your computer: Windows Vista
    1. Connect your camera or insert your card (camera must be on)
    2. Click “Import Using Windows”
  • Syncing to your computer: Windows 8 Photo Gallery
    1. Connect your camera or insert your card (camera must be on)
    2. Open Photos app
      1. Swipe in from bottom edge to see commands
      2. Right click within the app to see commands
    3. Tap or click “Import”
    4. Choose device from which to import
    5. Photos app will search all photos/videos not yet imported and select them.
      1. You can individually tap or click on specific photos to bypass this
      2. You can tap or click “Select all” to import all photos/videos
        The app automatically searches for all photos and videos that it hasn’t imported before and selects them. You can also swipe down on or click each photo and video you want to import, or tap or click Select all.
    6. Tap or click “Import.”
    7. Photos and videos get saved to “Pictures” in a folder with the date of import

Questions? Email me or take one of my photo workshops. Head to my home page and look for the list of upcoming classes on the right side of the page.

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